When we see and buy various products from the market we always look for compostable and biodegradable products. It seems that people these days have become more self-conscious about the degradation in the environment.
People nowadays prefer on buying natural products that can be later reused in the environment whether in industries as raw materials intermediary materials or even in farming.
But there is a fine difference between the two words.
It seems as though we don’t know the fine difference between these two phrases. They are used sometimes interchangeably with the same meaning.
We are pretty sure that you are curious to know about the difference between the two words after what we have talked about.
So let’s get to know the two words better and then maybe you will be able to derive the difference between the two wordings. But don’t worry as we have also done the differentiation for you in the latter half of the article.
So what’s a biodegradable substance?
In simple words of science, a biodegradable substance is anything that can be broken down into its constituent matters over some time.
Biodegradation occurs due to the action of microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi.
Even though you must have heard that plastics are not biodegradable but the truth is that it only takes these substances a long time for biodegradation.
This time frame is so long that in the words of science we claim it to be non-biodegradable.
The thing is plastics and diapers are also biodegradable but it takes centuries for degrading them into carbon and other constituent substances.
On the other hand, organic materials such as food wastes, paper, and other organic wastes would degrade much faster literally within days.
It can be said that bacteria and fungi can work on them much faster than plastic substances.
Everything is biodegradable all you have to consider is the time frame.
What’s a compostable substance?
A compostable substance is also the action of fungi and bacteria under specific conditions to turn it into a reusable substance.
Generally, the composting process is undertaken in the composting industries that ensure that the wastes are put into large containers and then certain conditions of pressure and temperature they will be composted and the final substance can then be used as a raw material or ingredient in farming and textiles industries.
So do you see the difference?
Don’t worry here we have simplified it for you-
Getting to know the difference between biodegradation and composting
Put in a simple way biodegradation will occur naturally while composting will not.
Biodegradation can take place even in a landfill or simply when you throw away the substance in soil or ground.
It may take a long time depending on the type of substance but it will biodegrade over time.
Composting on the other hand will not take place unless certain specific conditions of temperature, pressure, and even on certain occasions a special catalyst is not given or applied.
Composting is done in industries within specially made composting chambers.